The policy of transferring detainees, holding them incommunicado, keeping them off record books and outsourcing of torture has now become standard practice for many states.
These detainees have no fundamental rights such as access to a lawyer, fair hearing, and the right to humane and dignified treatment as required under the POW conditions of the Geneva Conventions. These figures are those who are being currently held across the world at the moment, since 2001, just through the US-led wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, some 65,000 prisoners have been detained and subsequently freed.
The suspects are not merely processed by the Americans though, the detainees are sent to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Jordan, Egypt, Thailand, Malaysia and the British island of Diego Garcia. Particularly those detainees who are kept of any official registers or books are frequently shuttled between the facilities in an attempt to extract information through a variety of interrogation techniques. These suspects have been termed by the US military as ‘ghost detainees’