Egyptian and Israeli complicity: The unfolding of a major crackdown on Muslims in Vienna

January 9, 2021
Audio

\[fusion\_builder\_container hundred\_percent="no" hundred\_percent\_height="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_scroll="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_center\_content="yes" equal\_height\_columns="no" menu\_anchor="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish\_date="" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_position="center center" background\_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background\_parallax="none" enable\_mobile="no" parallax\_speed="0.3" video\_mp4="" video\_webm="" video\_ogv="" video\_url="" video\_aspect\_ratio="16:9" video\_loop="yes" video\_mute="yes" video\_preview\_image="" border\_size="" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left=""]\[fusion\_builder\_row]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""]

By Nura Al-Izzedin, Austrian researcher

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Nura Al-Izzedin explores how events unfolded following the attacks in Vienna, which exposed serious government failings and led to a major crackdowns on Muslims in Austria.

\[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[/fusion\_builder\_row]\[/fusion\_builder\_container]\[fusion\_builder\_container hundred\_percent="no" hundred\_percent\_height="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_scroll="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_center\_content="yes" equal\_height\_columns="no" menu\_anchor="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish\_date="" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_position="center center" background\_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background\_parallax="none" enable\_mobile="no" parallax\_speed="0.3" video\_mp4="" video\_webm="" video\_ogv="" video\_url="" video\_aspect\_ratio="16:9" video\_loop="yes" video\_mute="yes" video\_preview\_image="" border\_size="" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left=""]\[fusion\_builder\_row]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] On the 2nd of November 2020, Austria experienced an entirely preventable attack. Austria's Minister for the Interior Karl Nehammer, who oversees the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Combating Terrorism (BVT), reported that a gunman who killed four people in Vienna, had tried to illegally purchase ammunition from Slovakia back in July. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="2\_3" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] This had been reported to the Austrian intelligence Services shortly after the attempt[1]. It was then revealed that it was not only foreign intelligence services who warned Austrian authorities about the perpetrator. The Austrian army intelligence services (Heeresnachrichtenamt), who had been responsible for monitoring the attacker's probation, reported the perpetrator to Nehammer, after the perpetrator had been trying to illegally purchase ammunition[2]. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_3" layout="1\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""]

Despite all of this, the most important fact to highlight is that the attack of November 2nd 2020 could have been entirely prevented within the framework of existing laws.

\[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] In response to this revelation, Austrians have called for the resignation of Nehammer. The right-wing politician has remained silent on the issue. Yet a further investigation into Nehammer's failings might prove useful in determining his reasons for withholding the information that could have prevented such a horrific attack. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_4" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""]

Austria’s Anti-Terror Package

\[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] One week after the attack on November 2nd 2020, Austrian Chancellor, Sebastian Kurz tabled a new and highly controversial “anti-terror package[3]” which was further revised on December 16th. Key measures of the package include[4]:

  • * The process of shutting down associations or mosques deemed to play a role in “radicalisation” will be made easier. Likewise, the public will be able to report potential violent activities on an online platform.

  • * The possibility to strip Austrians of their citizenship after being convicted of terrorist offences.

  • * Introducing the criminal offence of “religiously motivated extremism”, which was initially meant to target “political Islam”[footnote]After the Constitutional Court declared on 10th December that the hijab ban in primary schools was unconstitutional (on the basis that it selectively discriminates against a minority), the initially proposed criminal offence of “political Islam” was replaced with “religiously motivated extremism”[/footnote]. Integration Minister Susanne Raab of the Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP), stated clearly that the criminal offence of “religiously motivated extremism” is a "central component in combating political Islam"[5].

    • A central register of imams will similarly be created. Raab stressed that "we want transparency in Austria as to who preaches in which mosque"[6].
  • * Creating a register of threatening/dangerous individuals,  with the aim of preventing former convicted terrorists from working in critical infrastructure companies, hence barring them from any security-related tasks.

  • * In some cases, people who have just been released from prison can be electronically monitored with an electronic ankle bracelet or wristband.

\[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[/fusion\_builder\_row]\[/fusion\_builder\_container]\[fusion\_builder\_container hundred\_percent="no" hundred\_percent\_height="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_scroll="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_center\_content="yes" equal\_height\_columns="no" menu\_anchor="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish\_date="" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_position="center center" background\_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background\_parallax="none" enable\_mobile="no" parallax\_speed="0.3" video\_mp4="" video\_webm="" video\_ogv="" video\_url="" video\_aspect\_ratio="16:9" video\_loop="yes" video\_mute="yes" video\_preview\_image="" border\_size="" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left=""]\[fusion\_builder\_row]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_3" layout="1\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""]

“At the moment there is only Islamism in Austria, which is specifically a religious extremist association” concluded Minister for Integration, Susanne Raab.

She ignored the fact that just a few days before, police reported the largest weapon seizure in decades, intended to arm a right-wing militia.

\[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="2\_3" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_imageframe image\_id="27809|full" max\_width="" style\_type="" blur="" stylecolor="" hover\_type="none" bordersize="" bordercolor="" borderradius="" align="center" lightbox="no" gallery\_id="" lightbox\_image="" lightbox\_image\_id="" alt="" link="" linktarget="\_self" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset=""] columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[/fusion\_builder\_row]\[/fusion\_builder\_container]\[fusion\_builder\_container hundred\_percent="no" hundred\_percent\_height="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_scroll="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_center\_content="yes" equal\_height\_columns="no" menu\_anchor="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish\_date="" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_position="center center" background\_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background\_parallax="none" enable\_mobile="no" parallax\_speed="0.3" video\_mp4="" video\_webm="" video\_ogv="" video\_url="" video\_aspect\_ratio="16:9" video\_loop="yes" video\_mute="yes" video\_preview\_image="" border\_size="" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left=""]\[fusion\_builder\_row]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[/fusion\_builder\_row]\[/fusion\_builder\_container]\[fusion\_builder\_container hundred\_percent="no" hundred\_percent\_height="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_scroll="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_center\_content="yes" equal\_height\_columns="no" menu\_anchor="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish\_date="" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_position="center center" background\_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background\_parallax="none" enable\_mobile="no" parallax\_speed="0.3" video\_mp4="" video\_webm="" video\_ogv="" video\_url="" video\_aspect\_ratio="16:9" video\_loop="yes" video\_mute="yes" video\_preview\_image="" border\_size="" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left=""]\[fusion\_builder\_row]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] Moreover, Amnesty International[7] views the announced measures as being serious encroachments on human rights and has called for an evaluation of existing instruments. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="2\_3" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] “At the moment there is only Islamism in Austria, which is specifically a religious extremist association”[8] and it is “specifically Islamism that poses the greatest danger”[9] concluded Minister for Integration, Susanne Raab. Raab meanwhile ignored the fact that just a few days before her statement, police authorities uncovered an organised right-wing criminal network, seizing over 70 guns in a raid. The police reported that it had been the largest weapon seizure in decades, with the weapons being intended to arm a right-wing militia[10]. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_3" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_imageframe image\_id="27612|medium" max\_width="" style\_type="" blur="" stylecolor="" hover\_type="none" bordersize="" bordercolor="" borderradius="" align="none" lightbox="no" gallery\_id="" lightbox\_image="" lightbox\_image\_id="" alt="" link="" linktarget="\_self" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset=""] columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""]

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz (r) with French President Emmanuel Macron (l) and Austrian President Alexander van der Bellen (c)

\[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[/fusion\_builder\_row]\[/fusion\_builder\_container]\[fusion\_builder\_container hundred\_percent="no" hundred\_percent\_height="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_scroll="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_center\_content="yes" equal\_height\_columns="no" menu\_anchor="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish\_date="" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_position="center center" background\_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background\_parallax="none" enable\_mobile="no" parallax\_speed="0.3" video\_mp4="" video\_webm="" video\_ogv="" video\_url="" video\_aspect\_ratio="16:9" video\_loop="yes" video\_mute="yes" video\_preview\_image="" border\_size="" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left=""]\[fusion\_builder\_row]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""]

Egyptian and Israeli missions in Austria and children rights violations: "Operation Luxor"

\[/fusion\text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="2\_3" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] A week after the attack in Vienna, under the code name "Operation Luxor," almost a thousand police officers stormed over 60 houses and apartments belonging to families and associations that are alleged to have links with the Austrian Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas[11]. To date, not one person has been arrested[12]. Nehammer, to whom the perpetrator of 2nd November attack was reported to beforehand, was personally present during the raids[13]. Prosecutors insisted that the raids were not connected to the 2nd November attack, but were the result of an investigation stretching back over more than a year. It was the most elaborate operation in the history of Austria’s Ministry for Protection the Constitution, and, it is suspected by many that Austria’s judiciary and police have attempted to show their support for the Israeli and Egyptian authorities in their fight against the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas, while also pursuing the agenda to silence outspoken Muslim activists. Indeed, at no moment in the more than the year-long investigation, was any evidence uncovered surrounding a direct terrorist threat in Austria[14]. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_3" layout="1\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] _Key measures of the Anti-terror package include:

  •  Introducing the criminal offence of “religiously motivated extremism”
  • Shutting down associations or mosques deemed to play a role in “radicalisation” will be made easier.
  • A central register of imams will be created.
  •  The possibility to strip Austrians of their citizenship after being convicted of terrorist offences.
  • Creating a register of threatening/dangerous individuals, with the aim of barring convicts of terror offences from any security-related tasks.
  • Electronic monitoring for released prisoners.

\[/fusion\text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] To many, this raised suspicion as to what extent the house searches had been carried out in cooperation with Egyptian and Israeli secret services[15]. It is interesting to point out that the language and reasoning employed in the search warrants and indictments is almost identical to the language used by Egypt and Israel when describing the Muslim Brotherhood[16]. Yet a key difference is that the Muslim Brotherhood in Austria, unlike in Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia, is not considered as a terrorist organisation. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_3" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_imageframe image\_id="27844|medium" max\_width="" style\_type="" blur="" stylecolor="" hover\_type="none" bordersize="" bordercolor="" borderradius="" align="left" lightbox="no" gallery\_id="" lightbox\_image="" lightbox\_image\_id="" alt="" link="" linktarget="\_self" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset=""] type="2\_3" layout="2\_3" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"][fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] What is even more concerning are the reports of excessive force employed by Austrian authorities, even against children during the "Operation Luxor" raids. The excessive use of force and violence by the police authorities was such that, according to a child psychologist's report, the raids have had a profound psychological impact on children. Other children’s reports include instances of masked police standing in front of a child’s bed and shouting “target person spotted”. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] Over 30 children between the ages of eight months and eighteen were affected by the raids. For those unaffected, the newfound pandemic life seems to continue as normal, all within the most livable city in the world, Vienna. \[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[/fusion\_builder\_row]\[/fusion\_builder\_container]\[fusion\_builder\_container hundred\_percent="no" hundred\_percent\_height="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_scroll="no" hundred\_percent\_height\_center\_content="yes" equal\_height\_columns="no" menu\_anchor="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish\_date="" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_position="center center" background\_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background\_parallax="none" enable\_mobile="no" parallax\_speed="0.3" video\_mp4="" video\_webm="" video\_ogv="" video\_url="" video\_aspect\_ratio="16:9" video\_loop="yes" video\_mute="yes" video\_preview\_image="" border\_size="" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left=""]\[fusion\_builder\_row]\[fusion\_builder\_column type="1\_1" layout="1\_1" spacing="" center\_content="no" link="" target="\_self" min\_height="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background\_color="" background\_image="" background\_image\_id="" background\_position="left top" background\_repeat="no-repeat" hover\_type="none" border\_size="0" border\_color="" border\_style="solid" border\_position="all" border\_radius="" box\_shadow="no" dimension\_box\_shadow="" box\_shadow\_blur="0" box\_shadow\_spread="0" box\_shadow\_color="" box\_shadow\_style="" padding\_top="" padding\_right="" padding\_bottom="" padding\_left="" margin\_top="" margin\_bottom="" animation\_type="" animation\_direction="left" animation\_speed="0.3" animation\_offset="" last="no"]\[fusion\_text columns="" column\_min\_width="" column\_spacing="" rule\_style="default" rule\_size="" rule\_color="" hide\_on\_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] _Images used courtesy of

Flickr/Thomas Quine & ev

and Unsplash/Alec Favale & Bundesministerium für europäische und internationale Angelegenheiten

Images are used for illustrative purposes only

\[/fusion\_text]\[/fusion\_builder\_column]\[/fusion\_builder\_row]\[/fusion\_builder\_container]

[fusion_builder_container hundred_percent="no" hundred_percent_height="no" hundred_percent_height_scroll="no" hundred_percent_height_center_content="yes" equal_height_columns="no" menu_anchor="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish_date="" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_position="center center" background_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background_parallax="none" enable_mobile="no" parallax_speed="0.3" video_mp4="" video_webm="" video_ogv="" video_url="" video_aspect_ratio="16:9" video_loop="yes" video_mute="yes" video_preview_image="" border_size="" border_color="" border_style="solid" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left=""][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <h4><strong><em>By </em></strong><b><i><strong>Nura Al-Izzedin, Austrian researcher</strong> </i></b></h4> <h4><em> </em></h4> [/fusion_text][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <h3 style="text-align: left;"><b><i><span style="color: #808080;">Nura Al-Izzedin explores how events unfolded following the attacks in Vienna, which exposed serious government failings and led to a major crackdowns on Muslims in Austria.</span> </i></b></h3> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent="no" hundred_percent_height="no" hundred_percent_height_scroll="no" hundred_percent_height_center_content="yes" equal_height_columns="no" menu_anchor="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish_date="" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_position="center center" background_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background_parallax="none" enable_mobile="no" parallax_speed="0.3" video_mp4="" video_webm="" video_ogv="" video_url="" video_aspect_ratio="16:9" video_loop="yes" video_mute="yes" video_preview_image="" border_size="" border_color="" border_style="solid" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left=""][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] On the 2nd of November 2020, Austria experienced an entirely preventable attack. Austria's Minister for the Interior Karl Nehammer, who oversees the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Combating Terrorism (BVT), reported that a gunman who killed four people in Vienna, had tried to illegally purchase ammunition from Slovakia back in July. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="2_3" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] This had been reported to the Austrian intelligence Services shortly after the attempt<a href="https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000121477031/dank-an-das-fbi-fuer-hinweise-nach-dem-terrorattentat-in"><sup>[1]</sup></a>. It was then revealed that it was not only foreign intelligence services who warned Austrian authorities about the perpetrator. The Austrian army intelligence services (Heeresnachrichtenamt), who had been responsible for monitoring the attacker's probation, reported the perpetrator to Nehammer, after the perpetrator had been trying to illegally purchase ammunition<a href="https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000122183210/auch-heeresnachrichtenamt-soll-vor-anschlag-in-wien-gewarnt-haben"><sup>[2]</sup></a>. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_3" layout="1_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <h3><span style="color: #999999;"><em>Despite all of this, the most important fact to highlight is that the attack of November 2nd 2020 could have been entirely prevented within the framework of existing laws.</em></span></h3> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] In response to this revelation, Austrians have called for the resignation of Nehammer. The right-wing politician has remained silent on the issue. Yet a further investigation into Nehammer's failings might prove useful in determining his reasons for withholding the information that could have prevented such a horrific attack. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_4" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <h3 style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: #000000;"><em>Austria’s Anti-Terror Package</em></span></strong></h3> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] One week after the attack on November 2nd 2020, Austrian Chancellor, Sebastian Kurz tabled a new and highly controversial “anti-terror package<a href="https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/bundeskanzleramt/nachrichten-der-bundesregierung/2020/integrationsministerin-raab-wir-werden-die-aushoehlung-unserer-demokratischen-rechte-nicht-dulden.html"><sup>[3]</sup></a>” which was further revised on December 16th. Key measures of the package include<a href="https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/bundeskanzleramt/nachrichten-der-bundesregierung/2020/integrationsministerin-raab-wir-werden-die-aushoehlung-unserer-demokratischen-rechte-nicht-dulden.html"><sup>[4]</sup></a>: <ul> <li style="list-style-type: none;"> <ul> <li>The process of shutting down associations or mosques deemed to play a role in “radicalisation” will be made easier. Likewise, the public will be able to report potential violent activities on an online platform.</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li style="list-style-type: none;"> <ul> <li>The possibility to strip Austrians of their citizenship after being convicted of terrorist offences.</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li style="list-style-type: none;"> <ul> <li>Introducing the criminal offence of “religiously motivated extremism”, which was initially meant to target “political Islam”<sup>[footnote]After the Constitutional Court declared on 10th December that the hijab ban in primary schools was unconstitutional (on the basis that it selectively discriminates against a minority), the initially proposed criminal offence of “political Islam” was replaced with “religiously motivated extremism”[/footnote]</sup>. Integration Minister Susanne Raab of the Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP), stated clearly that the criminal offence of “religiously motivated extremism” is a "central component in combating political Islam"<a href="https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000122537911/ministerrat-will-umstrittenes-anti-terror-paket-beschliessen"><sup>[5]</sup></a>.</li> <li>A central register of imams will similarly be created. Raab stressed that "we want transparency in Austria as to who preaches in which mosque"<a href="https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000122578085/verfassungsjuristen-kritisierenanti-terror-paket"><sup>[6]</sup></a>.</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li style="list-style-type: none;"> <ul> <li>Creating a register of threatening/dangerous individuals,  with the aim of preventing former convicted terrorists from working in critical infrastructure companies, hence barring them from any security-related tasks.</li> </ul> </li> <li style="list-style-type: none;"> <ul> <li>In some cases, people who have just been released from prison can be electronically monitored with an electronic ankle bracelet or wristband.</li> </ul> </li> </ul> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent="no" hundred_percent_height="no" hundred_percent_height_scroll="no" hundred_percent_height_center_content="yes" equal_height_columns="no" menu_anchor="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish_date="" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_position="center center" background_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background_parallax="none" enable_mobile="no" parallax_speed="0.3" video_mp4="" video_webm="" video_ogv="" video_url="" video_aspect_ratio="16:9" video_loop="yes" video_mute="yes" video_preview_image="" border_size="" border_color="" border_style="solid" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left=""][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_3" layout="1_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <h3><span style="color: #999999;"><em>“At the moment there is only Islamism in Austria, which is specifically a religious extremist association” concluded Minister for Integration, Susanne Raab.</em></span></h3> <h3><span style="color: #999999;"><em>She ignored the fact that just a few days before, police reported the largest weapon seizure in decades, intended to arm a right-wing militia.</em></span></h3> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="2_3" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_imageframe image_id="27809|full" max_width="" style_type="" blur="" stylecolor="" hover_type="none" bordersize="" bordercolor="" borderradius="" align="center" lightbox="no" gallery_id="" lightbox_image="" lightbox_image_id="" alt="" link="" linktarget="_self" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset=""]https://www.cage.ngo/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Vienna-building-with-flag-e1610300819750.jpg[/fusion_imageframe][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent="no" hundred_percent_height="no" hundred_percent_height_scroll="no" hundred_percent_height_center_content="yes" equal_height_columns="no" menu_anchor="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish_date="" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_position="center center" background_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background_parallax="none" enable_mobile="no" parallax_speed="0.3" video_mp4="" video_webm="" video_ogv="" video_url="" video_aspect_ratio="16:9" video_loop="yes" video_mute="yes" video_preview_image="" border_size="" border_color="" border_style="solid" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left=""][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent="no" hundred_percent_height="no" hundred_percent_height_scroll="no" hundred_percent_height_center_content="yes" equal_height_columns="no" menu_anchor="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish_date="" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_position="center center" background_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background_parallax="none" enable_mobile="no" parallax_speed="0.3" video_mp4="" video_webm="" video_ogv="" video_url="" video_aspect_ratio="16:9" video_loop="yes" video_mute="yes" video_preview_image="" border_size="" border_color="" border_style="solid" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left=""][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] Moreover, Amnesty International<a href="https://www.amnesty.at/presse/oesterreich-neue-anti-terror-massnahmen-ernste-eingriffe-in-menschenrechte-angekuendigt"><sup>[7]</sup></a> views the announced measures as being serious encroachments on human rights and has called for an evaluation of existing instruments. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="2_3" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] “At the moment there is only Islamism in Austria, which is specifically a religious extremist association”<a href="https://orf.at/#/stories/3194129/"><sup>[8]</sup></a> and it is “specifically Islamism that poses the greatest danger”<a href="https://tvthek.orf.at/profile/ZIB-2/1211/ZIB-2/14075290/Integrationsministerin-Raab-zum-Anti-Terror-Paket/14817308?fbclid=IwAR2jIiq9zvChuE9i8GID8Lx_HnkQkRCCFIsG8ptz03nl7wAK0n5uXqrOBXE"><sup>[9]</sup></a> concluded Minister for Integration, Susanne Raab. Raab meanwhile ignored the fact that just a few days before her statement, police authorities uncovered an organised right-wing criminal network, seizing over 70 guns in a raid. The police reported that it had been the largest weapon seizure in decades, with the weapons being intended to arm a right-wing militia<a href="https://orf.at/stories/3193466/"><sup>[10]</sup></a>. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_3" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_imageframe image_id="27612|medium" max_width="" style_type="" blur="" stylecolor="" hover_type="none" bordersize="" bordercolor="" borderradius="" align="none" lightbox="no" gallery_id="" lightbox_image="" lightbox_image_id="" alt="" link="" linktarget="_self" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset=""]https://www.cage.ngo/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/36478765324_597f402754_3k-e1610204301198-300x167.jpg[/fusion_imageframe][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <h5 data-fontsize="16" data-lineheight="18">Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz (r) with French President Emmanuel Macron (l) and Austrian President Alexander van der Bellen (c)</h5> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent="no" hundred_percent_height="no" hundred_percent_height_scroll="no" hundred_percent_height_center_content="yes" equal_height_columns="no" menu_anchor="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish_date="" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_position="center center" background_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background_parallax="none" enable_mobile="no" parallax_speed="0.3" video_mp4="" video_webm="" video_ogv="" video_url="" video_aspect_ratio="16:9" video_loop="yes" video_mute="yes" video_preview_image="" border_size="" border_color="" border_style="solid" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left=""][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <h3 style="text-align: center;"><b><i>Egyptian and Israeli missions in Austria and children rights violations: "Operation Luxor"</i></b></h3> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="2_3" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] A week after the attack in Vienna, under the code name "Operation Luxor," almost a thousand police officers stormed over 60 houses and apartments belonging to families and associations that are alleged to have links with the Austrian Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas<a href="https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000121546906/50-razzien-gegen-strukturen-der-muslimbruderschaft-in-oesterreich"><sup>[11]</sup></a>. To date, not one person has been arrested<a href="https://www.derstandard.de/story/2000121814868/razzia-gegen-angebliche-muslimbrueder-eine-schlimme-befuerchtung"><sup>[12]</sup></a>. Nehammer, to whom the perpetrator of 2nd November attack was reported to beforehand, was personally present during the raids<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SS7Jcemlgug"><sup>[13]</sup></a>. Prosecutors insisted that the raids were not connected to the 2nd November attack, but were the result of an investigation stretching back over more than a year. It was the most elaborate operation in the history of Austria’s Ministry for Protection the Constitution, and, it is suspected by many that Austria’s judiciary and police have attempted to show their support for the Israeli and Egyptian authorities in their fight against the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas, while also pursuing the agenda to silence outspoken Muslim activists. Indeed, at no moment in the more than the year-long investigation, was any evidence uncovered surrounding a direct terrorist threat in Austria<a href="https://zackzack.at/2020/11/22/aegypten-statt-oesterreich-hat-innenminister-nehammer-die-terrorabwehr-in-oesterreich-vernachlaessigt/"><sup>[14]</sup></a>. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_3" layout="1_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <span style="color: #999999;"><em>Key measures of the Anti-terror package include:</em></span> <ul> <li><span style="color: #999999;"><em> Introducing the criminal offence of “religiously motivated extremism”</em></span></li> <li><span style="color: #999999;"><em>Shutting down associations or mosques deemed to play a role in “radicalisation” will be made easier.</em></span></li> <li><span style="color: #999999;"><em>A central register of imams will be created.</em></span></li> <li><span style="color: #999999;"><em> The possibility to strip Austrians of their citizenship after being convicted of terrorist offences.</em></span></li> <li><span style="color: #999999;"><em>Creating a register of threatening/dangerous individuals, with the aim of barring convicts of terror offences from any security-related tasks.</em></span></li> <li><span style="color: #999999;"><em>Electronic monitoring for released prisoners. </em></span></li> </ul> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] To many, this raised suspicion as to what extent the house searches had been carried out in cooperation with Egyptian and Israeli secret services<a href="https://www.falter.at/falter/radio/b95d8d71-c81a-4a9a-8666-ce3d7ca925bd/wie-gefahrlich-sind-die-muslimbruder-wirklich-432"><sup>[15]</sup></a>. It is interesting to point out that the language and reasoning employed in the search warrants and indictments is almost identical to the language used by Egypt and Israel when describing the Muslim Brotherhood<a href="https://www.falter.at/falter/radio/b95d8d71-c81a-4a9a-8666-ce3d7ca925bd/wie-gefahrlich-sind-die-muslimbruder-wirklich-432"><sup>[16]</sup></a>. Yet a key difference is that the Muslim Brotherhood in Austria, unlike in Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia, is not considered as a terrorist organisation. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_3" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_imageframe image_id="27844|medium" max_width="" style_type="" blur="" stylecolor="" hover_type="none" bordersize="" bordercolor="" borderradius="" align="left" lightbox="no" gallery_id="" lightbox_image="" lightbox_image_id="" alt="" link="" linktarget="_self" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset=""]https://www.cage.ngo/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Police-w_rifle-e1610301056868-229x300.jpg[/fusion_imageframe][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="2_3" layout="2_3" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] What is even more concerning are the reports of excessive force employed by Austrian authorities, even against children during the "Operation Luxor" raids. The excessive use of force and violence by the police authorities was such that, according to a child psychologist's report, the raids have had a profound psychological impact on children. Other children’s reports include instances of masked police standing in front of a child’s bed and shouting “target person spotted”. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] Over 30 children between the ages of eight months and eighteen were affected by the raids. For those unaffected, the newfound pandemic life seems to continue as normal, all within the most livable city in the world, Vienna. [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent="no" hundred_percent_height="no" hundred_percent_height_scroll="no" hundred_percent_height_center_content="yes" equal_height_columns="no" menu_anchor="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" status="published" publish_date="" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_position="center center" background_repeat="no-repeat" fade="no" background_parallax="none" enable_mobile="no" parallax_speed="0.3" video_mp4="" video_webm="" video_ogv="" video_url="" video_aspect_ratio="16:9" video_loop="yes" video_mute="yes" video_preview_image="" border_size="" border_color="" border_style="solid" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left=""][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type="1_1" layout="1_1" spacing="" center_content="no" link="" target="_self" min_height="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id="" background_color="" background_image="" background_image_id="" background_position="left top" background_repeat="no-repeat" hover_type="none" border_size="0" border_color="" border_style="solid" border_position="all" border_radius="" box_shadow="no" dimension_box_shadow="" box_shadow_blur="0" box_shadow_spread="0" box_shadow_color="" box_shadow_style="" padding_top="" padding_right="" padding_bottom="" padding_left="" margin_top="" margin_bottom="" animation_type="" animation_direction="left" animation_speed="0.3" animation_offset="" last="no"][fusion_text columns="" column_min_width="" column_spacing="" rule_style="default" rule_size="" rule_color="" hide_on_mobile="small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility" class="" id=""] <em>Images used courtesy of</em> <div class="attribution-info"> <em>Flickr/<a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/quinet/">Thomas Quine</a> &amp; <a href="https://unsplash.com/@ev">ev</a> </em> <div id="yui_3_16_0_1_1610203080075_49323" class="view follow-view clear-float photo-attribution"></div> </div> <div><em>and Unsplash/<a href="https://unsplash.com/@alecfavale">Alec Favale</a> &amp; <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/minoritenplatz8/">Bundesministerium für europäische und internationale Angelegenheiten</a></em></div> <div></div> <div><em>Images are used for illustrative purposes only</em></div> [/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]

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Egyptian and Israeli complicity: The unfolding of a major crackdown on Muslims in Vienna
Perspectives
Egyptian and Israeli complicity: The unfolding of a major crackdown on Muslims in Vienna
Perspectives